Note to self - Java heap analysis
Posted: | More posts about Hacking Java troubleshooting heap Note to Self
As I keep searching for those URLs over and over again linking them here. When running into JVM heap issues (an out of memory exception is a pretty sure sign, so can be the program getting slower and slower over time) there's a few things you can do for analysis:
Start with telling the effected JVM process to output some statistics on heap layout as well as thread state by sending it a SIGQUIT (if you want to use the number instead - it's 3 - avoid typing 9 instead ;) ).
More detailed insight is available via jConsole - remote setup can be a bit tricky but is well doable and worth the effort as it gives much more detail on what is running and how memory consumption really looks like.
For an detailed analysis take a heap dump with either jmap, jConsole or by starting the process with the JVM option
-XX:+HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError. Look at it either with jhat or the IBM heap analyzer. Also netbeans offers nice support for searching for memory leaks.
On a more general note on diagnosing java stuff see Rainer Jung's presentation on troubleshooting Java applications as well as Attila Szegedi's presentation on JVM tuning.